Publish in this journal
Journal Information
Vol. 57. Issue 213. (In progress)
(January - March 2022)
More article options
Vol. 57. Issue 213. (In progress)
(January - March 2022)
Original Article
Pre-participation medical evaluation in competitive athletes: the experience of an international multisport club
Ramon Pi-Rusiñola,
Corresponding author

Correspondence to: Futbol Club Barcelona, Ciutat Esportiva Joan Gamper – Medical Service, Passeig del Canal, 32 08970 Sant Joan Despí, Spain.
, María Sanz-de la Garzab, Gonzalo Graziolic, Manel Garcíaa, Marta Sitgesb, Franchek Drobnicd
a FC Barcelona Medical Service, Spain
b Cardiovascular Institute, Hospital Clínic, Barcelona, Spain
c Aptima Centre Clínic, Sant Cugat del Vallès, Spain
d Shenhua Greenland FC, Shanghai Medical Servic, Spain
Article information
Full Text
Figures (2)
Tables (2)
Table 1. Epidemiological. and anthropometric characteristics of our athletes’ population according to sex.
Table 2. Clinical findings from Football Club Barcelona pre-participation medical evaluation in young and adult athletes.
Show moreShow less
Additional material (1)

to assess the effectiveness of a tailored Pre-Participation Medical Examination (PPME) prior to sport practice for athletes competing in team sports, has been suggested as a useful tool for an early identification and treatment of multiple disorders.


Among 2008 and 2018 a total of 2570 athletes from 12 to 35 years old from 12 different team sports disciplines were evaluated by the PPME of Football Club Barcelona.


The PPME included: medical history, anthropometric data, physical examination, baseline 12-lead ECG, a maximal stress test, a 2D-Doppler echocardiography and an extensive orthopaedic evaluation.


In 495 of the 2574 athletes (19.2%), the PPME identified pathologies that require a specific treatment or a closed follow-up. The most frequent medical conditions documented in young athletes were neurological, psychological and psychiatric disorders whereas in adults the most prevalent were respiratory and immunological pathologies. Two athletes were considered inadequate to compete due to severe cardiovascular diseases whereas seven required a specific treatment for their cardiovascular diseases in order to be considered eligible for sports competition. Additionally, a large proportion of athletes (958, 37.2%) reported previous musculoskeletal sport-related injuries being bone fractures and joint injuries the most frequent ones.


The Football Club Barcelona PPME was effective in identifying latent pathologies and musculoskeletal sport-related injuries in a significant proportion of young and adult athletes competing in team sports. The identification of these medical conditions allowed to provide an early and specific treatment and to implement strategic ad hoc preventive programs.

Pre-participation screening
Sudden cardiac death


These are the options to access the full texts of the publication Apunts Sports Medicine

If you already have your login data, please click here .

If you have forgotten your password you can you can recover it by clicking here and selecting the option “I have forgotten my password”
Subscribe to

Apunts Sports Medicine

Phone for subscriptions and reporting of errors
From Monday to Friday from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. (GMT + 1) except for the months of July and August which will be from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m.
Calls from Spain
932 415 960
Calls from outside Spain
+34 932 415 960
Apunts Sports Medicine

Subscribe to our newsletter

Article options
Supplemental materials

Are you a health professional able to prescribe or dispense drugs?