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Vol. 55. Issue 205.
Pages 39-48 (January - March 2020)
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Vol. 55. Issue 205.
Pages 39-48 (January - March 2020)
Review
DOI: 10.1016/j.apunsm.2020.02.003
Associations between obesity, asthma and physical activity in children and adolescents
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Adda Oudjedia,b,
Corresponding author
adda.oudjedi.etu@univ-mosta.dz

Corresponding author.
, Khelifa Said Aissaa,b
a Institute of Sports and Physical Education, Abdelhamid Ibn Badis University, 27000 Mostaganem, Algeria
b COMETE Laboratory, UMR-S 1075 COMETE, 14000 Caen, France
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Abstract

Obesity and asthma have increased in prevalence dramatically among children and adolescents. There is strong epidemiological evidence of an association between these chronic morbidities, suggesting many pathophysiological pathways which may play a role in this association such as adipokines, oxidative stress, physical activity, comorbidities and diet.

Physical activity and exercise are recommended to reduce obesity and the risk of several diseases. However, exercise is a common trigger of asthma, known as exercise-induced bronchoconstriction. Similarly, obesity-related physical deconditioning may also lead to dyspnoea and exercise limitation which can mimic asthma symptoms.

Furthermore, to confirm that excessive weight is a risque factor for asthma, the evidence of causality must establish whether weight loss should decrease in asthma symptoms. The purpose of this review is to summarize what is known about the complex relationship between obesity, asthma and physical activity.

Keywords:
Asthma
Body mass index
Mechanical effects
Systemic inflammation
Oxidative stress
Weight loss

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