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Vol. 56. Issue 212.
(October - December 2021)
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Vol. 56. Issue 212.
(October - December 2021)
Original Article
Cognitive and neuromuscular influences on perceived effort during a competitive season in futsal
Renato R Azevedo, Felipe P Carpes
Corresponding author

Corresponding author.
Applied Neuromechanics Research Group, Laboratory of Neuromechanics, Federal University of Pampa, Uruguaiana, RS, Brazil
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Figures (1)
Tables (3)
Table 1. Mean (standard deviation) of variables of interest at different times of the regular season.
Table 2. Simple linear regression equations with low and high cumulative load period results.
Table 3. Correlation between the analyzed variables and internal loads.
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Understanding how external and internal loads relate during a competitive season in high performance athletes, and identifying which capacities have more influence on the perception of effort, can help to better plan training and monitor competitive performance.

Material and Methods

In this study we followed a professional male futsal team (n = 11) over a 37-week competitive season to determine variables that influence the perceived effort in periods of low and high training loads. External load indicators (strength, power, cognitive performance, sleep quality, and cardiorespiratory fitness) and the perception of effort were monitored regularly. The significance level adopted for this study was p <0.05.


In the period of low accumulated load, poor cognitive performance was directly related to the perception of effort at a greater extent (rho = 0.60; p = 0.048), while in the period of high load the power production capacity was inversely related with perceived effort (r = - 0.72; p = 0.02).


Both cognitive performance and explosive force production should be monitored throughout the regular season, but planning should seek to enhance these specific factors at different times of the season.

Aerobic fitness
Anaerobic power
Exercise performance


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