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Vol. 43. Issue 158.
Pages 70-74 (April 2008)
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Vol. 43. Issue 158.
Pages 70-74 (April 2008)
Lesions produïdes en una pista temporal de patinatge sobre gel
Injuries in a temporary ice rink
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Víctor Jesús Moreno Alcaraza, Pedro Ángel López Miñarroa
a Departamento de Educación Física. Universidad de Murcia. Múrcia. Espanya.
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Introducció i objectius: La pràctica del patinatge sobre gel comporta un augment del risc de lesions a causa d'una més alta probabilitat de caigudes. L'objectiu d'aquest estudi va ser descriure les lesions produïdes i els factors de risc en una pista temporal de patinatge sobre gel. Mètodes: Es van registrar les lesions produïdes en una pista de gel instal·lada durant un mes en un municipi de Múrcia. De cadascun dels patinadors lesionats, es van registrar dades sobre edat, sexe, localització de la lesió, mecanisme lesional, diagnòstic de la lesió i experiència com a patinador. Les dades van ser recollides pel personal de la Creu Roja Espanyola al lloc de primers auxilis situat al costat de la pista. Resultats: Un total de 185 subjectes (95 dones i 90 homes) van tenir algun tipus de lesió. Les lesions més comunes van ser de caràcter lleu, com ara contusions (40%) i ferides superficials (28,2%). Les fractures van representar l'1,6% de les lesions. La majoria de les lesions es van localitzar al canell (29,2%), al peu (13,0%) i al genoll (10,8%). El mecanisme principal de lesió va ser la caiguda (71%), principalment per la pèrdua de l'equilibri (61,2%). Els subjectes sense experiència en patinatge sobre gel van presentar més freqüència de lesions que els patinadors més experimentats. Conclusions: El nombre de lesions esdevingudes a la pista de gel va ser baix respecte del nombre total de patinadors que hi van anar, i majoritàriament van ser de caràcter lleu.
Palabras clave:
Lesió
Patinatge sobre gel
Pista de gel
Prevenció
Patinador recreatiu
Introduction and objectives: Recreational ice-skating carries a high risk of injury because of the strong probability of falls. The aim of this study was to describe injuries and associated risk factors in a temporary ice rink. Methods: We recorded all injuries produced in a temporary ice rink installed for 1 month in a town in Murcia. For all ice skaters injured, information on age, gender, body region injured, mechanism of injury, diagnosis, and ice skating experience was recorded. The data were gathered by staff from the Spanish Red Cross in the first aid facilities situated beside the ice rink. Results: A total of 185 recreational ice skaters (95 females and 90 males) were injured. The most common injuries were slight injuries such as bruises (40%) and superficial wounds (28.2%). Fractures accounted for 1.6% of all injuries. Most skating-related injuries involved the wrist (29.2%), followed by the foot (13.0%) and the knee (10.8%). Most of the injuries were caused by falls (71%), mainly due to loss of balance (61.2%). Beginners appeared to be more prone to injury than experienced skaters. Conclusions: The number of injuries was low compared with the total number of skaters and most of the injuries were slight.
Keywords:
Injury
Ice skating
Ice rink
Safety
Recreational skater

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