Journal Information
Vol. 48. Issue 179.
Pages 109-120 (July - September 2013)
Vol. 48. Issue 179.
Pages 109-120 (July - September 2013)
Full text access
Neuromuscular risk factors of sports injury
Visits
735
Azahara Fort Vanmeerhaeghea,
Corresponding author
azaharafort@gmail.com

Autor para correspondencia. azaharafort@gmail.com
, Azahara Fort Vanmeerhaegheb, Daniel Romero Rodriguezc
a Facultat de Psicologia, Ciències de l'Educació i de l'Esport Blanquerna, Universitat Ramon Llull, Barcelona, Espanya
b Escola Universitària de la salut i l'esport (EUSES), Universitat de Girona, Girona, España
c Escola Universitària de la salut i l'esport (EUSES), Universitat de Girona, Cataluña, España
This item has received
Article information
Abstract
Statistics
Abstract

Physical activity and especially competitive sports are continuously affected by a high incidence of injury, which is difficult to reduce. This article reviews the literature on the different neuromuscular risk factors predisposing athletes to suffer a higher incidence of injury, especially in those sports where jumps, changes of direction and high speed changes (acceleration and deceleration) dominate. The current literature emphasizes the following injury risk factors related to control of the neuromuscular system: muscle fatigue, changes in the intensity and time of muscle activation, decreased muscle coactivation, increased dynamic knee valgus, inappropriate muscle stiffness, deficits in postural stability, impaired proprioception, core deficits, neuromuscular imbalances between dominant and non-dominant leg, and decreased feedforward mechanism. The analysis of these risk factors provides a practical guide for the design of prevention programs for each type of sport, and will be useful for coaches, physical trainers and physiotherapists.

Keywords:
Risk factors
Sports injury
Prevention
Neuromuscular system
Apunts Sports Medicine
Article options
Tools

Are you a health professional able to prescribe or dispense drugs?