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Vol. 44. Issue 163.
Pages 119-126 (July - September 2009)
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Vol. 44. Issue 163.
Pages 119-126 (July - September 2009)
Efectos del entrenamiento mediante danza aeróbica con subida a banco sobre la capacidad de generar fuerza en mujeres sanas de mediana edad
Effects of training through aerobic dance with bank to increase the capacity to generate strength in healthy middle-aged women
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Inma García Sáncheza, Bernardo Requena Sáncheza
a Facultad del Deporte. Universidad Pablo de Olavide. Sevilla. España.
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Introducción y objetivos: El propósito del presente estudio fue examinar el efecto de 8 semanas de entrenamiento mediante danza aeróbica con subida a banco sobre la capacidad de generar fuerza del tren inferior en mujeres de mediana edad. Métodos: Se emplearon los datos de 30 mujeres con edades comprendidas entre los 46 y los 64 años divididas en un grupo experimental (n = 15) y en un grupo control (n = 15). El grupo experimental participó en sesiones de danza aeróbica con subida a banco de 60 min/día, 3 días por semana durante 8 semanas. El grupo control fue instruido para que los sujetos no modificaran ninguno de sus hábitos de vida ni de práctica fisicodeportiva. Resultados: Tras el período de entrenamiento, el grupo experimental incrementó de forma significativa el rendimiento en el salto vertical y el test Up and Go respecto al grupo control un 24,6 y un 19,8%, respectivamente. Además, el momento de fuerza isocinético máximo a la velocidad angular de 180°/s aumentó significativamente en el grupo experimental respecto al grupo control durante el post-test. Conclusiones: Los resultados del presente estudio demostraron que la práctica sistemática de danza aeróbica con subida a banco durante un período de 8 semanas en mujeres de mediana edad incrementa la fuerza dinámica del tren inferior.
Palabras clave:
Mujeres
Entrenamiento aeróbico
Población adulta
Fuerza muscular
Introduction and Aims: The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of 8-weeks of systematic aerobic dance with bank practice on lower limbs force generation capacity in middle-aged women. Methods: Thirty women with age ranged between 46-64-years old were selected. This sample was divided into an experimental (n = 15) and a control (n = 15) group. The experimental group participated in aerobic dance with bank sessions of 60 min duration, three times per week during 8-weeks. The control group was instructed to continue their habitual diet and physical activity. Results: After the period of training, the experimental group — with respect to the control group — enhanced significantly its performance in vertical jump and in the "Up and Go" test a 24.6 and a 19.8 %, respectively. Moreover, the maximum isokinetic knee extension peak torque at the angular velocity of 180°/s increased significantly in the experimental group with respect to the control group during the post-test. Conclusions: The results of the present study showed that the systemic practice of ADB during a period of 8-wks in middle-aged women enhance the dynamic strength of the lower limbs.
Keywords:
Women
Aerobic training
Adult population
Muscle strength

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