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Vol. 44. Issue 163.
Pages 127-132 (July - September 2009)
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Vol. 44. Issue 163.
Pages 127-132 (July - September 2009)
El somatotipo de la voleibolista cubana de alto nivel de actuación: período 1992-2000
Somatotype of Cuban female volleyball players of high performance level: survey 1992-2000
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Wiliam Carvajal Veitiaa, Iscel Diaz Hernandezb, Sofia Leon Perezc, Ivis Echevarria Garciaa
a Instituto de Medicina del Deporte. Departamento de Cineantropometría. Ciudad de la Habana. Cuba.
b Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología y Medio Ambiente. Cuba.
c Centro Provincial de Medicina del Deporte. Departamento de Desarrollo Físico. Ciudad de la Habana. Cuba.
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Los objetivos específicos de este estudio fueron dos: establecer datos de referencia para el somatotipo de la selección y por posiciones de juego en jugadoras cubanas de voleibol, y comparar las características del somatotipo entre posiciones de juego. Se midió a 43 atletas con el método de somatotipo antropométrico de Heath-Carter. Las atletas habían jugado voleibol un promedio de 10,9 años, y fueron consideradas la base de las preselecciones nacionales durante tres ciclos olímpicos (1988-1992, 1992-1996 y 1996-2000). Las jugadoras se dividieron en tres grupos: atacadoras centrales, atacadoras auxiliares y pasadoras, y sus somatotipos promedios fueron, respectivamente, 2,8-3,2-3,5; 2,3-3,4-3,2 y 3,2-3,9-2,2. El somatotipo fue significativamente diferente entre jugadoras de diferentes posiciones (p ≤ 0,05). Las pasadoras fueron menos homogéneas que las jugadoras de otras posiciones. De las trece categorías del somatotipo descritas, las jugadoras cubanas mostraron once. Las categorías más dominantes fueron mesomórficoectomórfico, ectomórfico-balanceado, mesomórfico-balanceado y ectomesomórfico.
Palabras clave:
Somatotipo
Constitución
Voleibol
The specific aim of this study was twofold: first to establish reference data for team and game roles somatotype in Cuban female volleybal players, and to compare the characteristics among game roles. Forty three athletes were measured according to the Heath-Carter anthropometric somatotype method. The subjects had been playing volleyball for 10.9 years, on average and they were considered the base of the national preselections during the three Olympic Cycles (1988-1992, 1992-1996 and 1996-2000). They were divided into three groups: Centers, Spikers and Setters. Their average somatotype was, respectively: 2.8-3.2-3.5, 2.3-3.4-3.2 and 3.2-3.9-2.2. The somatotype was significantly different in players in different roles (p ≤ 0.05). Setters were less homogeneous than those of other roles. Of the thirteen categories of somatotypes described, Cuban volleybal players showed eleven. Mesomphic-ectomorphic, balanced-ectomorphs, balanced-mesomorphs and ectomorphic-mesomorph were the most dominant categories.
Keywords:
Somatotype
Constitution
Volleybal

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