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Vol. 44. Issue 163.
Pages 127-132 (July - September 2009)
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Vol. 44. Issue 163.
Pages 127-132 (July - September 2009)
El somatotip de les jugadores de voleibol cubanes d'alt nivell: període 1992-2000
Somatotype of Cuban female volleyball players of high performance level: survey 1992-2000
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Wiliam Carvajal Veitiaa, Iscel Diaz Hernandezb, Sofia Leon Perezc, Ivis Echevarria Garciad
a Instituto de Medicina del Deporte. Departamento de Cineantropometría. Ciudad de la Habana. Cuba.
b Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología y Medio Ambiente. Cuba.
c Centro Provincial de Medicina del Deporte. Departamento de Desarrollo Físico. Ciudad de la Habana. Cuba.
d Instituto de Medicina del Deporte. Departamento de Cineantropometría. Ciudad de la Habana. Cuba.
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Els objectius específics d’aquest estudi van ser dos: establir dades de referència per al somatotip de la selecció i per posicions de joc en jugadores cubanes de voleibol, i comparar les característiques del somatotip entre posicions de joc. En total 43 atletes van ser mesurades amb el mètode de somatotip antropomètric de Heath-Carter. Les atletes havien jugat a voleibol 10,9 anys com a mitjana i van ser considerades la base de les preseleccions nacionals durant tres cicles olímpics (1988-1992, 1992-1996 i 1996-2000). Les jugadores van ser dividides en tres grups: atacants centrals, atacants auxiliars i col·locadores: els seus somatotips mitjans van ser, respectivament: 2,8-3,2-3,5; 2,3-3,4-3,2 i 3,2-3,9-2,2. El somatotip va ser significativament diferent entre jugadores de posicions diferents (p ≤ 0,05). Les col·locadores van ser menys homogènies que les jugadores d’altres posicions. De les tretze categories descrites del somatotip, les jugadores cubanes en van mostrar onze. Les categories més dominants van ser mesomorfisme-ectomorfisme, ectomorfisme balancejat, mesomorfisme balancejat i ectomesomorfisme.
Palabras clave:
Somatotip
Constitució
Voleibol
The specific aim of this study was twofold: first to establish reference data for team and game roles somatotype in Cuban female volleybal players, and to compare the characteristics among game roles. Forty three athletes were measured according to the Heath-Carter anthropometric somatotype method. The subjects had been playing volleyball for 10.9 years, on average and they were considered the base of the national preselections during the three Olympic Cycles (1988-1992, 1992-1996 and 1996-2000). They were divided into three groups: Centers, Spikers and Setters. Their average somatotype was, respectively: 2.8-3.2-3.5, 2.3-3.4-3.2 and 3.2-3.9-2.2. The somatotype was significantly different in players in different roles (p ≤ 0.05). Setters were less homogeneous than those of other roles. Of the thirteen categories of somatotypes described, Cuban volleybal players showed eleven. Mesomphic-ectomorphic, balanced-ectomorphs, balanced-mesomorphs and ectomorphic-mesomorph were the most dominant categories.
Keywords:
Somatotype
Constitution
Volleybal

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