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Vol. 45. Issue 167.
Pages 201-208 (July - September 2010)
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Vol. 45. Issue 167.
Pages 201-208 (July - September 2010)
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Los nuevos factores de riesgo cardiovascular y la actividad física 
New cardiovascular risk factors and physical activity
Nicolás Terradosa,
Corresponding author

Corresponding author.
, Gracia Valcárcelb, Rafael Ventab,c
a Regional Sports Medicine Unit, Principality of Asturias, Municipal Sports Foundation of Avilés and Department of Functional Biology, The University of Oviedo, Spain
b Biochemistry Service, Hospital San Agustín, Avilés, Spain
c Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The University of Oviedo, Asturias, Spain
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Recent research has suggested that a number of new cardiovascular risk factors should be added to the ‘traditional’ risk factors of hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, hyperglycaemia, nicotine poisoning, etc. Some of these non-conventional, ‘emergent’ conditions are related to plasma lipids whilst others, for example, markers of inflammation, homocysteinaemia, impaired fasting glycaemia and asymmetric dimethylarginine, are not. The emergent factors have obvious implications for preventative and therapeutic decisions. Physical exercise can have a modifying effect, though this is not, as yet, generally well known (especially with regard to homocysteinaemia and asymmetric dimethylarginine).

Cardiovascular risk factors
Physical activity
Asymmetric dimethylarginine

Desde hace años se conocen varios factores de riesgo cardiovascular, llamados tradicionales, como son la hipercolesterolemia, la hipertensión, la hiperglucemia, el tabaquismo etc. Por otra parte, a lo largo de los últimos años han surgido con fuerza, estudios que proponen la introducción de nuevos factores de riesgo cardiovascular, no convencionales o «emergentes», varios de ellos relacionados con los lípidos plasmáticos, pero otros no, como son; los marcadores de inflamación, la homocisteinemia, la glucemia en ayunas alterada, y la dimetilarginina asimétrica. Con sus consiguientes implicaciones en las decisiones preventivas y terapéuticas. Estos factores de riesgo emergentes, también pueden ser modificados por el ejercicio físico, pero este efecto es poco conocido todavía, sobre todo en lo que respecta a la homocisteína y a la dimetilarginina asimétrica.

Palabras clave:
Factores de riesgo cardiovascular
Actividad física
Dimetilarginina asimétrica
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