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Vol. 53. Issue 200.
Pages 129-137 (October - December 2018)
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Vol. 53. Issue 200.
Pages 129-137 (October - December 2018)
Original
DOI: 10.1016/j.apunts.2018.07.001
Anthropometrical characteristics of Cuban sporting population: Reference data from a high performance national teams, 1992–2014
Características antropométricas de la población deportiva cubana. Datos de referencia de equipos nacionales de alto rendimiento, 1992–2014
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Wiliam Carvajal Veitíaa,
Corresponding author
, Sofía León Perezb, María Elena González Revueltac, Yanel Deturnel Campod, Ibis Echavarría Garcíad
a University of Sport Science, Havana, Cuba
b Provincial Sports Medicine Center, Havana, Cuba
c Research Department, Sports Medicine Institute, Havana, Cuba
d Kinanthropometry Department, Sports Medicine Institute, Havana, Cuba
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Table 1. Body size, somatotype and body composition statistics by sporting modalities and sex.
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Abstract

Physical structures in Cuban sporting population have changed according to secular trend, sport morphological adaptation, more qualified international championship and changes within the game. The purpose of this study was to provide new anthropometrical references data for many sporting disciplines in a form that may be readily utilized to practice the medical management of athletic training. Primary information source was the Anthropological Project database “Morphological Evolution of Cuban Sporting Population, 1970–2014”, available through the Sports Medicine Institute's Kinanthropometry Department. Forty subjects were selected for each team sport, while 10 subjects were selected for each individual sport or positions and roles within sports. Using all the data, a set of references tables have been obtained based on Whithers et al. equation to estimate percentage body fat, Heath-Carter somatotyping, the sum of six skinfolds, and Fat Free Mass Index. This knowledge offers support to practice the medical management of athletic training, can also offer practical assistance to coaches in the suitable selection for the correct sporting modalities and physical development of elite athletes, by means of diet and training, in accordance with the model anthropomeric characteristics of an elite sporting population. On the other hand, we estimated Whiters et al. six-site skinfold equations, which were derived from high-performance athletes data set.

Keywords:
Body composition
Kinanthropometry
Somatotype
Resumen

La estructura física de la población deportiva cubana ha cambiado de acuerdo a la evolución secular, la adaptación morfológica al deporte, campeonatos internacionales más calificados y cambios dentro del deporte. La propuesta de este estudio es proveer nuevos datos antropométricos de referencias para las disciplinas deportivas que puedan ser utilizados para el control médico del entrenamiento deportivo. La fuente de información primaria fue la base de datos del Proyecto Antropológico “Evolución Morfológica en población deportiva cubana, 1970–2014”, disponible en el departamento de Cineantropometría del Instituto de Medicina del Deporte. Para cada deporte de equipo fueron seleccionados cuarenta sujetos, mientras que diez fueron seleccionados para cada deporte individual. Usando todos estos datos, fueron obtenidas tablas de referencia con estimados de la grasa por Withers y colaboradores, el somatotipo de Heath-Carter, la suma de seis panículos y el índice de Masa Corporal Activa. Este conocimiento ofrece un soporte para la práctica del control médico del entrenamiento deportivo, también ofrece asistencia práctica para entrenadores en lo que respecta a la selección de la modalidad deportiva adecuada, y en correspondencia con las características antropométricas ideales de una población deportiva de elite. Por otra parte, nosotros introducimos estimados de grasa corporal a través de las ecuaciones de Withers y colaboradores, las cuales fueron obtenidas de una base de datos de deportistas de alto rendimiento.

Palabras clave:
Composición corporal
Cineantropometría
Somatotipo

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