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Vol. 53. Issue 199.
Pages 105-112 (July - September 2018)
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Vol. 53. Issue 199.
Pages 105-112 (July - September 2018)
Original Article
DOI: 10.1016/j.apunts.2018.01.001
Incidence of injuries in competition of Leonese wrestling and associated factors (2005–2015)
Incidencia de lesiones en la competición de Lucha Leonesa y Factores Asociados (2005-2015)
Vicente Martína,b, María J. Blascoc, Martí Casalsb,d, Tania Fernández-Villaa,
Corresponding author

Corresponding author.
, Antonio J. Molinaa, Francisco V. Martíneze, Arturo Martínf, Klaus Langohrg, Carlos Ayánh
a The Research Group in Gene - Environment and Health Interactions (GIIGAS), Institute of Biomedicine (IBIOMED), University of León, León, Spain
b Biomedical Research Networking Center for Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Spain
c University Assistance Complex of León, León, Spain
d Sport Performance Analysis Research Group, University of Vic, Vic, Barcelona, Spain
e Health Center of Mansilla de las Mulas, León, Spain
f Medical Services, Sports Club Burela F. S., Burela, Lugo, Spain
g Department of Statistics and Operations Research, Universitat Politécnica de Catalunya/BARCELONATECH, Barcelona, Spain
h Faculty of Education and Sport Science, University of Vigo, Vigo, Spain
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Figures (2)
Tables (3)
Table 1. Characteristics of wrestlers relative to participation in competitions in the period from 2005 to 2015.
Table 2. Incidence of all injuries, severe and moderate injuries and incidence rate ratios of variables included in the generalized linear mixed model.
Table 3. Parameter estimates in the generalized linear mixed model for both all types of injuries and severe and moderate injuries.
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Traditional wrestling is considered a cultural heritage of humanity and it should be protected. The study of injuries and their associated factors can be useful to protect this heritage. The present study has as its aim an analysis of the incidence of injuries and the associated factors in competition of a traditional wrestling modality, “Leonese wrestling” (LW).

Material and methods

Observational, prospective cohort study that collected injuries during the summer seasons from 2005 through 2015. Incidence rates of injuries were calculated by 1000 athlete exposures (AEs) and as a function of age at initiation in LW, mid-season age, regularity or those who participated in the competitions of each season, winner type, and weight category. At the multivariate level, a generalized linear mixed model was used assuming the frequency of the injuries followed a Poisson distribution.


A total of 308 wrestlers and 406 injuries were reported in 31,970 AEs. The incidence of injuries per 1000 AES was 3.0 (serious), 6.7 (moderate and serious) and 12.7 (total injuries registered). Higher incidence was observed among those who: were no regulars (IRR=1.076; CI: 0.846–1.368), were considered non-winner type and started as teenager vs child (IRR=1.115; CI: 0.856–1.452). Non-winner type wrestlers were at much higher risk of injuries in the semi heavy and heavy weight categories.


The incidence of injuries in LW is consistent with that incidence expected in combat sports. Showing a low regularity, having started late in their practice, showing a non-winning profile and competing in the heavy weight category are injury risk factors for LW wrestlers.

Cohort studies

La lucha tradicional es considerada un patrimonio cultural de la humanidad que debe protegerse. El estudio de las lesiones y sus factores asociados puede favorecer la protección de este patrimonio. El presente estudio pretende analizar la incidencia de las lesiones y sus factores asociados en la competición de una modalidad de lucha tradicional: la Lucha Leonesa (LL).

Material y métodos

Estudio observacional, prospectivo y de cohorte, que recolectó las lesiones ocurridas durante las competiciones de verano entre 2005 y 2015. La incidencia de lesiones fue calculada por cada 1000 atletas/expuestos (AEs), en función de la edad de iniciación a la LL, edad en el momento de la competición, regularidad de los participantes en la competición, perfil ganador y categoría de peso. Se utilizó un análisis multivariante mediante un modelo mixto lineal generalizado, asumiendo que las lesiones seguían una distribución de Poisson.


Se registraron 308 luchadores y 406 lesiones en 31.970 AEs. La incidencia de lesiones por cada 1000 AEs fue de 3 lesiones (graves), 6,7 (moderadas y graves) y 12,7 (en el total de lesiones registradas). Se observó una mayor incidencia en aquellos luchadores: no regulares (IRR=1,076; IC: 0,846-1,368), con perfil no ganador y los que se iniciaron en la lucha de adolescentes (IRR=1,115; IC: 0,856-1,452). Los luchadores con perfil no ganador tuvieron un mayor riesgo de lesiones en las categorías de semipesados y pesados.


La incidencia de lesiones en la LL es consistente con la incidencia esperada en otros deportes de contacto. La ausencia de regularidad a la hora de competir, haberse iniciado tarde en la lucha, mostrar un perfil no ganador y competir en la categoría de los pesos pesados, son factores que se asocian al riesgo de presentar una lesión en sus practicantes.

Palabras clave:
Estudio de cohorte


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