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Vol. 54. Issue 201.
Pages 19-26 (January - March 2019)
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Vol. 54. Issue 201.
Pages 19-26 (January - March 2019)
Special article
DOI: 10.1016/j.apunts.2018.06.001
Proposal of a protocol for the primary prevention of hamstring strains in football players
Propuesta de protocolo de prevención primaria para distensiones en los isquiosurales en futbolistas
Pau Sintesa,
Corresponding author

Corresponding author.
, Toni Caparrósa,b
a Instittut Nacional d’Educació Fisica de Catalunya (INEFC), Centre de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
b SPARG Research Group, Universitat de Vic, Vic, Spain
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Figures (9)
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Tables (3)
Table 1. The most commonly injured portions of the hamstring muscles.
Table 2. Location of hamstring muscle injuries.9
Table 3. Exercises that work on hamstring muscle strength as a primary means of prevention.
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Hamstring strains, mainly in the femoral biceps, are the most common football injury. In spite of all the studies carried out on preventing these injuries, their incidence has not fallen. One of the possible causes of this is incorrect choice of strength exercises and the traditional reductionist vision that fails to consider the interrelation between risk factors. The aim of this article is to review the risk factors presented in the literature and propose a correct choice of exercises for prevention based on the location of muscle activation, as well as offering a multifactor description of risk factors.

Risk factors
Eccentric strength

La distensión en la musculatura isquiosural, principalmente en el bíceps femoral, es la lesión más común en el fútbol. A pesar de todos los estudios realizados sobre su prevención, la incidencia no se ve reducida. Las posibles causas son la incorrecta elección de los ejercicios para el desarrollo de la fuerza y la no consideración de las interrelaciones entre los factores de riesgo. El objetivo de este artículo es revisar los factores de riesgo que expone la literatura y hacer una propuesta específica de ejercicios para su prevención en esta modalidad deportiva, en función de la localización de la activación muscular.

Palabras clave:
Factores de riesgo
Distensión muscular
Fuerza excéntrica


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